piece hall halifax history

This, opened in 1779, was the market for local handloom weavers and merchants who brought their ‘pieces’ of cloth for sale here. Cloth market. The earliest documented reference to a new Piece Hall in Halifax was a hand bill dated 19 March 1774, which, although it appears not to have survived was quoted in a Town Clerk's speech of 1867, when the Piece Hall was transferred to the Halifax Corporation. The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. Piece Hall, Halifax. The town council decided to convert it into a new wholesale Market Hall. It was so nearly a pile of rubble. Home to various market trades. Entrance from Horton Street. The upper Colonnade level has circular section Tuscan columns. It is octagonal in shape with a cupola and weather vane. Using an old browser means that some parts of our website might not work correctly. Around a central quadrangle are galleries with Tuscan and Rustic columns accommodating 315 lock-up rooms. The iron balustrades have had some components replaced in steel. Now the Piece Hall has new life as a museum and gallery with shops selling antiques and collectables and the central area is used for concerts. The museum closed in 1998. Please send questions, updates, additions to: The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system. For want of better wear; Than leaves of figs to pull; © 2020 Halifax Town, Calderdale, West Yorkshire, Business and Community Working Hand in Hand. Shortlisted for ‘Best Rescue of an Industrial Building or Site’ Angel Award in 2012, Michaela Strivens: Upside down world, Wallington, London Suburbs, Copyright IoE Mr David Cant. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund. We apologise for this delay. The song was a celebration of a building opened on January 1, 1779, devoted to the woollen trade which was the source of Halifax’s prosperity. Explore the many ways you can help to support the incredibly rich and varied heritage. In addition, there are a number of special events (see What's On for a list of coming events and Piece Hall Shops for more details of shops). Cloth market. The restored Piece Hall opened to the public on 3 July 1976. We cloath ourselves from head to foot Work began on the Piece Hall in 1775, and the Hall was officially opened on 1 January 1779, business commencing the following day.The Piece Hall was designed as a quadrangle with a series of individual rooms along each side and a principal entrance through the North Gate, leading from Caygill Square. Above are two roundels. Entrance from Westgate. Opposite was the South Gate, then a pedestrian entrance, which Leyland says 'was seldom used, as no traffic of moment came that way, or was permitted to enter there'. Can you believe what philistines the civic authorities were in those days? For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure. This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest. The middle Rustic level extends continuously around the entire building. The north entrance in the courtyard elevation is not differentiated other than an increase in span of the inner screen of pillars and columns. Read more. The hall was intended for 'the purpose of depositing and exposing to sale the WORSTED and WOOLLEN GOODS manufactured in this town and neighbourhood', and the word 'piece' referred to the pieces of cloth which were sold. To view this image please use Firefox, Chrome, Safari, or Edge. The Colonnade supports a stone eaves entablature. They were the Halifax Sunday School Jubilees, the famous ‘Sings’, which began in 1831 and continued every five years until 1890, only skipping 1851. Subsequently two possible sites were proposed. Halifax Evening Courier. Halifax Piece Hall was opened on 1st January 1779. The staircase adjacent to the west entrance is a dog-leg stair with half landings.The existing cellars have stone flagged floors with small round, irregularly spaced drainage holes. More about the Piece Hall since 1976 Each storey has an aisle or gallery behind a screen or arcade facing into the courtyard, with a series of small rooms to the rear. In the 1890s the building was turned into a wholesale fruit and vegetable market. This copy shows the entry on 10-Nov-2020 at 03:21:37. The factory system meant that merchants could buy all the cloth they required from a few mills; the Piece Hall trade declined. The north, east, and south walls in the Arcade have been altered in C19 to form arches, now with modern timber framed glazing, with the exception of the area around the windows in the corner rooms adjacent to the stairwells. The south entrance in its present form relates to 1871. History. However, the six-panelled doors are believed to be replacements dating from 1970s refurbishment. These either contain fixed, twelve-pane lights, or twelve-pane lights which are hinged at the bottom to allow the top to be opened for ventilation. One vote saved it! John Holdsworth who founded The west entrance in the courtyard elevation has a slight widening of the inter column spacing. It’s a great place ,full of history and local myth . The Piece Hall has a unique 18th century atmosphere and has been used in several T.V. Other contenders are Samuel and John Hope and John Carr. Perhaps the greatest jewel in Halifax is the Piece Hall, the only surviving cloth hall in Yorkshire and covering 10,000 square yards. Entrance from Horton Street. 1775-1779, attributed to Thomas Bradley. In an ambitious and exciting new chapter, The Piece Hall is now a new cultural and commercial centre. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1273056.pdf. The historic fabric was sensitively and expertly conserved, and modern facilities introduced to create an international destination at the centre of the vibrant cultural quarter, which is making a major contribution to the regeneration of Halifax. Here the elevations are built of sandstone ashlar. After some discussion about possible demolition, Halifax Corporation took advantage of Government grants to restore the building to make it a tourist attraction. * Historic Interest: the scale and architectural grandeur of this monumental cloth hall serve to illustrate the significant wealth of Halifax at this time, a prosperity generated by the local woollen and worsted industries which the Piece Hall was built to serve. Don't have an account? The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. It has ornate ornamental cast-iron gates dating from 1871.INTERIOR: the original rooms are mostly 2.44 m (8 ft) wide by 3.81 m (12 ft 6 in) with the exception of the rooms at the end of each range, which are smaller, having an angled corner to create a diagonal passageway onto the staircase landing. The Piece Hall has been a meeting point of Halifax’s commercial, civic and cultural life for almost 250 years. Halifax Piece Hall was opened on 1st January 1779. The opening now incorporates an electrically powered lift bridge, fitted in 1970s, which replaced a cantilever bridge installed to permit both the ingress of large vehicles and continued access along the length of the south gallery of the Rustic level. Boasting 315 rooms, the Piece Hall replaced the previous cloth hall, the Blackwell Hall, whose capacity had been outstripped by the growth of the local textile industry. By Ian Hirst. The Piece Hall opened on New Year’s Day in 1779 as a public market for the sale of “pieces” (a 30 yard length of fabric produced on a handloom) of woven woollen kersey cloth and cost over £9,000 to build, equivalent to over half a million pounds in today’ The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority. A bell cupola is located on the pediment, which is reputed to be recent, although apparently a close copy of the original. In 1781an Act of Parliament had been obtained to construct the street now known as Westgate, which was to lead between Southgate and a new entrance on the west side of the Hall. The north and south sides have two-storeys to the west and three-storeys to the east with part cellars, those on the north side assumed as now hidden. Our website works best with the latest version of the browsers below, unfortunately your browser is not supported. The north entrance has a high, round-ached opening with giant keystone flanked by raised engaged columns and pilasters set on pedestals and high bases, supporting an entablature and triangular pediment surmounted by a decorative urn. Three large sheds, latrines and urinals were built in the courtyard. Find out about services offered by Historic England for funding, planning, education and research, as well as training and skill development. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected]. With ever honoured Wool.". Built of local, finely grained sandstone with stone slate roofs.PLAN: a large quadrangular structure built on a site which slopes markedly from west to east and to a lesser degree from north to south. Celebrations at the Piece Hall, Halifax, in 1863 for visit of Prince of Wales to open Halifax Town Hall. The room frontages are original to the Rustic and Colonnade levels, with an alternating door and window arrangement. The south entrance in the courtyard elevation has flanking granite plaques commemorating the building's history and its conversion to a market hall in 1871. Source Historic England Archive. See our extensive range of expert advice to help you care for and protect historic places. Find out about listed buildings and other protected sites, and search the National Heritage List for England (NHLE). A lack of documentary evidence means that the architect of the Piece Hall has not been conclusively identified, though the most likely contender is Thomas Bradley. Read about our latest aerial investigation methods. The Piece Hall’s 315 rooms would be occupied by clothiers who would bargain with handloom weavers who came to town to sell their pieces of cloth. We had coffee and cake before walking round the shops . Website for Halifax Town in Calderdale, West Yorkshire. The latter are understood to have been put in when the rooms were converted into craft shops in the early 1970s. After the Industrial Revolution had left the Piece Hall stranded like a beached whale, it was allowed to deteriorate physically and in the 1970s was on the verge of being pulled down. Testing vertical aerial photography methods at British Camp on the Malvern Hills. The outer perimeter walls in effect form the rear elevations. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. After a degree of dissent as to which site to favour, Talbot Croft was chosen and purchased in September 1774.

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