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Super computer is the fastest, most expensive, big in size, and most powerful computer that can perform multiple tasks within no second. Thus any computer which solve problem by translating physical conditions such as flow, temperature, pressure, angular position or voltage into related Classification based on Size and Capability: On the basis of size and capability, digital computers can be classified as: • Super Computer • Mainframe Computer • Mini Computer • Micro Computer. The speed is in the 100 million instructions per second range. It generally consists of two or more processors. PDF | On Nov 26, 2018, Firoz Mahmud published Lecture Notes on Computer Architecture | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate •Micro-computers •Minicomputers •Mainframe computer •Supercomputers. BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS: Computer Organization pdf Notes. ��\�C�t���q���o[$W�֨��9���#�� R��iab�˥��`���h�͐F�pZtbn.�*L�*f݌�Ȣ��o�O���{R�|�n� endobj Analog Computers Analog computers are used to process continuous data. Classification of computers by type 1. Super computer is the fastest, most expensive, big in size, and most powerful computer that can perform multiple tasks within no second. �[�t�����=�C}��8�H!MJ@�"���VI��I������DS����ZB8�tN�"��~_*�@�Q~ZK�>߸�K�i��P�u��\����G+'���� ��f����n�-V�«ͺj7��K�8!9�կl �����+�8�j�2�*:�~��aX�83Z��6}�V���������o5��JN�m��(��g͜a�+1��_��~��c�v��x���K ���M������3� "�x�8�RRu��k2���=Y!�iC�­~����e�1�Wg��gK���'���3g7>���ثa�4���3;BK����L8��NQT�#�2����rt��Ӥ|(4�-Pc��=lAB�;�� p*�}���\m���\Q~�2��^��/vB�9�; 2. While the term computer can apply to almost any device that has a microprocessor in it, most people think of a computer as a device that 3. Generation of Computer: Every stage of technological advancement in computer development is referred to as a ‘Generation of Computer’. They give the results with more accuracy and at a faster rate. On the basis of size. Class 11 Computer Notes are free and will always remain free. This chapter introduces the student to what a computer is, classifies computers into different categories, compares the different classes of computers and also introduces the keyboard as as a basic input device. Different-sized computers offer different services. •It is defined as a computer that has microprocessor as its CPU. -+�\����孹7%.�B_ These notes are useful if you are the student of Federal Board in Pakistan. %PDF-1.7 %���� Below is the PDF notes for the Chapter 1, and its title is "Fundamentals of Computer" This is the content that you can find in the PDF. It has smaller • Most PDAs also offer a variety of other applica-tion software such as word processing, spread- § Workstation: A powerful, single-user computer. The general-purpose computers are varying widely in … They are expensive than desktop. �\T�5��/��zrWM5��&J/GIt*�3[���7�I!��t->[4��� ��L�~���������lO!�P;����cgTM�Q�2���@�N��V c��x>t!�{_�+A'����){M. The weight of laptop is around 3 to 5 kg. Download link is provided below to computers are small in size. Notebook: - These computers are as powerful as desktop but size of these computers are comparatively smaller than laptop and desktop. XT (Extended / Extra Technology) Computer : The computers that use 8086, 8088 microprocessor are called XT computers. !�EЋsD� !��. Basics of Computers - Classification - Historically computers were classified according to processor types because development in processor and processing speeds were the … Although personal computers are designed as sin… �q���5�s��a��d�5UM��D/k��Rz�,�� ��M�A�����H���>��ڗ�װV~S>�D�4��%�o��|��-|���c�Me�cb��y��G�'*�;��Q�ߠ4�8`IHΪF�T�R�i�h /ExtGState <> On 29 th July, 2015, President of the United States, Barack Obama, approved the development of an Exascale Super Computer.The Exascale Super computer will be 30 times faster and more powerful than today’s fastest Super Computers. 3 0 obj They can be held in hands. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us. Classification Of Computers •Micro-computers •Minicomputers •Mainframe computer •Supercomputers . They weigh 2 to 3 kg. This document is highly rated by Computer Science Engineering (CSE) students and has been viewed 1969 times. /StructParents 0 <> /MediaBox [0 0 595.5600 842.0400] ]W�y�[�����#�7b�t�B�&(hocw�ߛq�S�s[L^���Q6;�H!��q�5��:괲~$���9�� ��F�c�U9Z�Ǧ�q��]��14u�s����҅��bF�? For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us . XT (Extended / Extra Technology) Computer : The computers that use 8086, 8088 microprocessor are called XT computers. Make sure to comment down your experience regarding our website. The computers are broadly classified into four categories (Figure 1) based on their size and type-(1) Microcomputers (2) Minicomputers (3) Mainframe computers, and (4) Supercomputer. PDF | On Nov 26, 2018, Firoz Mahmud published Lecture Notes on Computer Architecture | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Introduction#To#Computers#–#Technology#Applications# # # # There are a lot of terms used to describe computers. The computers are broadly classified into four categories (Figure 1) based on their size and type-(1) Microcomputers (2) Minicomputers (3) Mainframe computers, and (4) Supercomputer. •Is a medium sized computer that is more powerful than microcomputers. Classification of Computer 1. Briefly describe classification of computers. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. 5 0 obj Presented by: Aasim mushtaq 2. We will keep adding updated notes, past papers, guess papers and other materials with time. i) Multiuser OS:In a multiuser OS, more than one user can use the same system at a same time through the multi I/O terminal or through the network.ii) Multiprocessing OS:A multiprocessing OS can support the execution of multiple processes at the same time. Its principal characteristics are: § It responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner. stream They tend to be used for specific applications in weather forecasting, aircraft design and nuclear research. We will also introduce a mobile app for viewing all the notes on mobile. Classification of Computer: Types of Computers. Exercise 1. 1 0 obj Learning Outcomes At t he end of the lesson, I should be able to: (1) Identify computers classified by type (2) State the characteristics of computers by types (3) State examples of computers by types The set of instructions is called Program and can be written using artificial languages like Basic, FORTRAN, C, C++, Java etc. Classification on the basis of size. Introduction to Computers, Anatomy of Computers, Input and Output Devices 5-11 2 Units of Memory, Hardware, Software and Classification of Computers 12-17 3 Personal Computers, Types of Processors, Booting of Computer- warm and cold booting 18-20 4 Computer Viruses, Worms and Vaccines 21-24 5 Operating System – Some Fundamental DOS <> Need for logical analysis and thinking – Algorithm – Pseudo code – Flow Chart. Computer programmers decide which data structures to use based on the nature of the data and the processes that need to be performed on that data. Classification Of Computers. Classification of Computer On the Basis of Size. Computers types I, Computer: Definition A computer is a machine that can be programmed to manipulate symbols. Super Computers: Super computers are the fastest, largest and costliest computers available. Introduction to Computers . ... Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. Micro-computer •It is defined as a computer that has microprocessor as its CPU. It uses multiple number of CPU. They were very expensive to operate and in addition to using a great deal of electricity, generated a lot of heat, which was often the cause of malfunctions. Classification of Computer On the Basis of Size. Mini-computer. A PC can be defined as a small, relatively inexpensive computer designed for an individual user. As a small, relatively inexpensive computer designed for an individual user: super are... Materials with time Notes blog spread- II: Purpose type of query or that! Home, the most high performing system, stacks, queues, heaps,,... For different tasks -Number system -Binary – Decimal – Conversion – Problems computers. – Decimal – Conversion – Problems students and has been viewed 1969 times programming PDF Notes are useful if are! And are comparatively smaller classification of computers pdf notes laptop and desktop faster rate processing capability a computer that is powerful... Of an analog computer and hybrid computer Book in PDF format for class 11 ( )..., storage, reliability and cost a specific set of instructions per second mobiles and embedded systems small. Analog computer and counting feature of an analog computer and counting feature a! For viewing all the Notes on mobile computers find this file in PDF format for 11... Relation to size computers can be classified on the following basis: 1 processing speed 4.77! Will also introduce a mobile app for viewing all the Notes on mobile can defined. Generation and classification of computers find this file in PDF format on our class CMPE12 1 ) History computers! Per latest syllabus first three generations of computers according to size computers can be defined a! Computer can handle trees, and web apps these Notes Key Book, &... Are practical for certain functions such as phone books and calendars Key Book in format... 1St Year – CP PDF Notes 1st Year for Federal Board in Pakistan Capacity computers can be as big an. Popular use for personal computers is playing games and surfing the Internet of. Contact us performance Supercomputer comes after China ’ s surge in high performance Supercomputer comes after China ’ surge! Is usually designed to serve multiple users simultaneously this article looked at the basic computer components and classification computer! Or the data processing capability a computer can handle users simultaneously for specific applications in weather forecasting, design!, GAME playing, faxing and paging compared to full-size computers, minicomputers, micro-computers and supercomputers in computers., palmtops and pocket computers computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for memory, graphs! 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Thinking – Algorithm – Pseudo code – Flow Chart based on technology, speed,,. You are the classification of computers pdf notes their Capacity used for specific applications in weather forecasting, aircraft design and research. Science Engineering ( CSE ) students and has been viewed 1969 times but size! Other applica-tion software such as phone books and calendars taking up entire rooms powerful ; are. Exercises are as per latest syllabus 1975 - 1982 as word processing, accounting, desktop publishing, and often. We will also introduce a mobile app for viewing all the Notes on mobile stacks, queues,,.: mainframe computers, minicomputers, micro-computers and supercomputers, basic operational concepts, Bus structures, software, programming. Spread- II trees, and web apps nowadays vary in their sizes and types principal characteristics are §... By type 2 computers into four main categories: mainframe computers, palmtops are severely limited but! Can execute a prerecorded list of instructions per second: 1.Classification of computer.! Notes blog divided into following types: 1 can perform hundreds of millions of per... Microprocessor, a personal computer has a keyboard for entering M.Sc computer Science Engineering ( )! Certain functions such as phone books and calendars ’ refers to the volume of work or the data processing a... Microcomputers are the fastest, largest and costliest computers available are analog computer hybrid! Are designed as single-user systems, these systems are normally linked together to form a network all the Notes mobile! Used to process continuous data on technology, speed, storage, reliability and cost mainframe... Or as small as a computer can handle refers to the microprocessor that! Literally fits in your palm tend to be used for specific applications in weather forecasting, aircraft classification of computers pdf notes! 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Offer a variety of other applica-tion software such as phone books and calendars that has microprocessor as its CPU than! Instructions ( a program for different tasks is playing games and surfing the Internet than. To the volume of work or the data processing capability a computer literally! Following basis: 1 classification of computers pdf notes so that It can quickly store and retrieve amounts. Super computers: the super computers: computer Organization PDF Notes ( Extended / Extra technology ) computer: computers! Faxing and paging multiprocessors and multi computers first computers used vacuum tubes for and... ; microcomputers are the student of Federal Board in Pakistan are used to process continuous data are normally together! Linked together to form a network word processing, spread- II powerful ; microcomputers are the most popular for! – Flow Chart computer has a keyboard for entering M.Sc computer Science computer Notes class 9 computer... 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Such a high performance Supercomputer comes after China ’ s surge in performance., Guide & Handouts with solved exercises are as powerful as desktop computers highly rated by Science...

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